European society and art at a time of cataclysmic transformation, involving both the Industrial Revolution the creation of the material foundations of modern welfare, and the French Revolution and the forging of the political and cultural structures of mass democracy. The old regime, the Enlightenment, and the storm. Classicism, romanticism, realism. The art market and the reading public. Studies of genres, artists and works including Hogarth, David, Goya, Constable, Delacroix, Courbet, Turner; Wordsworth, Coleridge Blake, Shelley, Keats, Byron; Beethoven, Chopin, Wagner; the rise of the novel.