Cultural heritage can be defined as the legacy of tangible artifacts or material culture and intangible attributes such as customs, practices, rites or values of a group, society or community inherited from the past, maintained in the present and passed on to future generations. This course investigates the ways how Turkey, in the past and the present, has defined, transformed, re-contextualized and instrumentalized forms of cultural heritage for its needs and values. In the scope of this course, it is going to be examined how cultural heritage was transformed into national heritage with the rise of (cultural) nationalism. The uses of cultural heritage in contemporary Turkey is another topic of the course. Other topics that will be discussed in the course include (the creation of) museums, libraries and archives, archaeological practices, the creation and preservation of monuments, national-history writing, the destruction or alteration of forms of cultural heritage, propagandistic interpretation of cultural heritage, and revived or invented traditions.